Author: Joy a Degruy, Genre: African Americans, Total Page: 241, Publisher: Joy Degruy Publications Incorporated, ISBN: 0985217278

In the 16th century, the beginning of African enslavement in the Americas until the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment and emancipation in 1865, Africans were hunted like animals, captured, sold, tortured, and raped. They experienced the worst kind of physical, emotional, psychological, and spiritual abuse. Given such history, isn't it likely that many of the enslaved were severely traumatized? And did the trauma and the effects of such horrific abuse end with the abolition of slavery? Emancipation was followed by one hundred more years of institutionalized subjugation through the enactment of Black Codes and Jim Crow laws, peonage, convict leasing, domestic terrorism and lynching. Today the violations continue, and when combined with the crimes of the past, they result in yet unmeasured injury. What do repeated traumas, endured generation after generation by a people produce? What impact have these ordeals had on African Americans today? Dr. Joy DeGruy, answers these questions and more. With over thirty years of practical experience as a professional in the mental health field, Dr. DeGruy encourages African Americans to view their attitudes, assumptions, and behaviors through the lens of history and so gain a greater understanding of how centuries of slavery and oppression have impacted people of African descent in America. Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome helps to lay the necessary foundation to ensure the well-being and sustained health of future generations and provides a rare glimpse into the evolution of society's beliefs, feelings, attitudes and behavior concerning race in America.

Author: Omar G. Reid, Genre: African Americans, Total Page: 112, Publisher: Ub & Us Communications, ISBN: NWU:35556039778063

Author: RHEEDA. WALKER, Genre: , Total Page: 0, Publisher: , ISBN: 0369368428

Author: Mary-Frances Winters, Genre: Social Science, Total Page: 256, Publisher: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, ISBN: 9781523091324

This is the first book to define and explore Black fatigue, the intergenerational impact of systemic racism on the physical and psychological health of Black people—and explain why and how society needs to collectively do more to combat its pernicious effects. Black people, young and old, are fatigued, says award-winning diversity and inclusion leader Mary-Frances Winters. It is physically, mentally, and emotionally draining to continue to experience inequities and even atrocities, day after day, when justice is a God-given and legislated right. And it is exhausting to have to constantly explain this to white people, even—and especially—well-meaning white people, who fall prey to white fragility and too often are unwittingly complicit in upholding the very systems they say they want dismantled. This book, designed to illuminate the myriad dire consequences of “living while Black,” came at the urging of Winters's Black friends and colleagues. Winters describes how in every aspect of life—from economics to education, work, criminal justice, and, very importantly, health outcomes—for the most part, the trajectory for Black people is not improving. It is paradoxical that, with all the attention focused over the last fifty years on social justice and diversity and inclusion, little progress has been made in actualizing the vision of an equitable society. Black people are quite literally sick and tired of being sick and tired. Winters writes that “my hope for this book is that it will provide a comprehensive summary of the consequences of Black fatigue, and awaken activism in those who care about equity and justice—those who care that intergenerational fatigue is tearing at the very core of a whole race of people who are simply asking for what they deserve.”

Author: Rufus JJimerson, Genre: , Total Page: 120, Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform, ISBN: 1984132644

The purpose of this book is to explain how the intergenerational trauma derived from slavery segregation, and insidious racial animus has impacted on today's African Americans. The psychological abnormalities or deviances are examined from their root causes. Masking of the resulting conditions are perused for their socioeconomic implications. Independent reasoning and the appropriate setting for its development are suggested. In addition, awareness of the greatness of our ancient legacy is presented to break the psychological chains causing Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome (PTSS). The book describes how PTSS leads to abnormal bouts with rage and abusive behavior, mostly against other blacks. Awareness of the trauma often leads to denial through greater reliance on defensive behavior that departs from reality. PTSS is triggered both internally and through DNA memory and externally by the racially hostile society that we live in. Research on this subject by Dr. Joy De Gray is reviewed and analyzed. An unexamined PTSS in denial is traced to mental slavery that causes dependency and identification with victimizers. This mental slavery is based on fear and inferiority complex that produces distorted views of self. Liberation and enslavement become indistinguishable. Individuals become psychologically self-destructive, a burden to themselves, loved ones, and society. Options to find "the better angels" of our true history to break PTSS's cycle and resulting impact are presented.

Author: Ron Eyerman, Genre: Social Science, Total Page: 318, Publisher: Cambridge University Press, ISBN: 0521004373

Ron Eyerman explores the formation of African American identity through the cultural trauma of slavery.

Author: Benjamin P. Bowser, Genre: Social Science, Total Page: 308, Publisher: McFarland, ISBN: 9781476678931

This collection of essays surveys the practices, behaviors, and beliefs that developed during slavery in the Western Hemisphere, and the lingering psychological consequences that continue to impact the descendants of enslaved Africans today. The psychological legacies of slavery highlighted in this volume were found independently in Brazil, the U.S., Belize, Jamaica, Colombia, Haiti, and Martinique. They are color prejudice, self and community disdain, denial of trauma, black-on-black violence, survival crime, child beating, underlying African spirituality, and use of music and dance as community psychotherapy. The effects on descendants of slave owners include a belief in white supremacy, dehumanization of self and others, gun violence, and more. Essays also offer solutions for dealing with this vast psychological legacy. Knowledge of the continuing effects of slavery has been used in psychotherapy, family, and group counseling of African slave descendants. Progress in resolving these legacies has been made as well using psychohistory, forensic psychiatry, family social histories, and community mental health. This knowledge is crucial to eventual reconciliation and resolution of the continuing legacies of slavery and the slave trade.

Author: Alvin F. Poussaint, Genre: Social Science, Total Page: 212, Publisher: Beacon Press, ISBN: 0807009598

Through stories (including their own), interviews, and analysis of the most recent data available, Dr. Alvin Poussaint and journalist Amy Alexander offer a groundbreaking look at 'posttraumatic slavery syndrome,' the unique physical and emotional perils for black people that are the legacy of slavery and persistent racism. They examine the historical, cultural, and social factors that make many blacks reluctant to seek health care, and cite ways that everyone from the layperson to the health care provider can help.

Author: Shahrazad Ali, Genre: Social Science, Total Page: 161, Publisher: Shahrazad Ali, ISBN: WISC:89055002430

Find out if you experience slavery flashbacks that influence your behavior and control your thinking and learn how to recover from the post traumatic stress of slavery.

Author: Naʼim Akbar, Genre: Religion, Total Page: 79, Publisher: , ISBN: UOM:39015050723850

In this long-awaited, important and highly readable book, Dr. Na'im Akbar addresses these questions: " Are African-Americans still slaves ?" "Why can't Black folks get together ?" "What is the psychological consequences for Blacks and Whites of picturing God as a Caucasian ?" Learn how to break the chains of your mental slavery with this new book by one of the world's outstanding experts on the African American mind .